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Dhuhr and `Asr Prayers (Ahadith 725-729)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 725:

Narrated Jabir bin Samura:

Sa’d said, “I used to pray with them a prayer similar to that of Allah’s Apostle (the prayer of Zuhr and ‘Asr) reducing nothing from them. I used to prolong the first two Rakat and shorten the last two Rak’at.” ‘Umar said to Sa’d “This was what we thought about you.”

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 726:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abi Qatada:

My father said, “The Prophet in Zuhr prayers used to recite Al-Fatiha along with two other Suras in the first two Rakat: a long one in the first Rak’a and a shorter (Sura) in the second, and at times the verses were audible. In the ‘Asr prayer the Prophet used to recite Al-Fatiha and two more Suras in the first two Rakat and used to prolong the first Rak’a. And he used to prolong the first Rak’a of the Fajr prayer and shorten the second.

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 727:

Narrated Abu Ma’mar:

I asked Khabbab whether the Prophet used to recite the Qur’an in the Zuhr and the ‘Asr prayers. He replied in the affirmative. We said, “How did you come to know that?” He said, “From the movement of his beard.”

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 728:

Narrated Abu Ma’mar:

I asked Khabbab bin Al-Art whether the Prophet used to recite the Qur’an in the Zuhr and the ‘Asr prayers. He replied in the affirmative. I said, “How did you come to know that?” He replied, “From the movement of his beard.”

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 729:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abi Qatada:

My father said, “The Prophet used to recite Al-Fatiha along with another Sura in the first two Rakat of the Zuhr and the ‘Asr prayers and at times a verse or so was audible to us.”

  • First rak`ah of prayer is the longest, second is shorter, third and fourth are even shorter.
  • In sirri prayers, a part of Qur’an has to be recited after al-Fatihah  in the first two rak`aat.
  • While reciting ‘silently’, a verse or two can be recited out aloud (not too loud, just a bit louder than otherwise, so the person next to you can hear). It keeps you awake and focused in the prayers as well.
  • Be good observers and listeners. Leave something good and authentic for generations to come after you, like the Sahaba did. If Ibn `Abbas and Ibn `Umar (and others) didn’t notice each and every thing about the Prophet (SAW), we might have been having problems following the Sunnah with confidence today. We might have not been sure which finger to use while doing the mash of ears during wudu. True story.

Wassalam.

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The ‘Silent’ Prayers (Hadith No. 713)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Volume 1, Book 12, Number 713:

Narrated Abu Ma’mar:

We asked Khabbab whether Allah’s Apostle used to recite (the Qur’an) in the Zuhr and the ‘Asr prayers. He replied in the affirmative. We said, “How did you come to know about it?” He said, “By the movement of his beard.”

  1. Dhuhr and `Asr are the sirri (silent/in which we whisper) prayers. Imaam does not recite aloud in congregation. Everyone recites their own surahs.
  2. How to know if someone is reciting something in the prayer or not? Check the movement of their beard (or lips). Which means, one should lip sync in Salah. Whisper to your Lord, per se. Don’t just go about it in your heart/mind.

Wassalam.

Time for Zuhr Prayer (Ahadith 516-517)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Hadith no. 515 is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 1, Book 10, Number 516:

Narrated Abu Al-Minhal:

Abu Barza said, “The Prophet used to offer the Fajr (prayer) when one could recognize the person sitting by him (after the prayer) and he used to recite between 60 to 100 Ayat (verses) of the Qur’an. He used to offer the Zuhr prayer as soon as the sun declined (at noon) and the ‘Asr at a time when a man might go and return from the farthest place in Medina and find the sun still hot. (The sub-narrator forgot what was said about the Maghrib). He did not mind delaying the ‘Isha prayer to one third of the night or the middle of the night.”

  • Fajr time starts: when the night ends.
  • Reciting 60-100 ayaat in fajr prayer is sunnah.
  • Zuhr time starts: right after noon/mid-day (when the sun reaches its peak).
  • Asr time starts: when the sun is still hot (before sunset).
  • ‘Isha: can be delayed till the middle of the night (max.).
It’s easy to keep track of prayer times these days because we have those prayer time calendars and watches around us. But knowing the time of prayer according to the movement of sun is important as well. What if you get stranded in a desert some day? :P
So, for Zuhr prayer:
  • Starting time: when the shadow of objects is minimal (equivalent to a shoelace).
  • Ending time: when the shadow of objects is equal to the actual size of those objects (x1).
When we say it is good to delay your zuhr prayer on a hot day, make sure to not delay it past its ending time (as stated above).
Wassalam.

To Delay Zuhr in Summer & While Traveling (Ahadith 510-514)

Salam,
Bismillah.

Volume 1, Book 10, Number 510:

Narrated Abu Huraira and ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If it is very hot, then pray the Zuhr prayer when it becomes (a bit) cooler, as the severity of the heat is from the raging of the Hell-fire.”

Scholars, while commenting on this Hadith, say that it can be either real or a parable that the Prophet (SAW) used to explain the concept of heat and its severity.. Either way, it’s good to delay zuhr on a hot day.

Volume 1, Book 10, Number 511:

Narrated Abu Dhar:

The Muadhdhin (call-maker) of the Prophet pronounced the Adhan (call) for the Zuhr prayer but the Prophet said, “Let it be cooler, let it be cooler.” Or said, ‘Wait, wait, because the severity of heat is from the raging of the Hell-fire. In severe hot weather, pray when it becomes (a bit) cooler and the shadows of hillocks appear.”

Shadows of the hillocks appear: sun starts to come down after reaching the peak (zawaal).

Volume 1, Book 10, Number 512:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “In very hot weather delay the Zuhr prayer till it becomes (a bit) cooler because the severity of heat is from the raging of Hell-fire. The Hell-fire of Hell complained to its Lord saying: O Lord! My parts are eating (destroying) one another. So Allah allowed it to take two breaths, one in the winter and the other in the summer. The breath in the summer is at the time when you feel the severest heat and the breath in the winter is at the time when you feel the severest cold.”

When I got to know this ^, I realized that extreme weather is a sort of punishment for us. And guess what global warming is promising us? May Allah protect us from it!

When it’s extremely hot, remember the breath of jahannam and seek Allah’s protection from the Hell-fire. When it’s extremely cold, remember that there’s a valley in jahannam called zamhareer, where it’s extremely cold (and that’ll burn too), and seek Allah’s protection from it.

Volume 1, Book 10, Number 513:

Narrated Abu Sa’id:

that Allah’s Apostle said, “Pray Zuhr prayer when it becomes (a bit) cooler as the severity of heat is from the raging of the Hell-fire.”

Volume 1, Book 10, Number 514:

Narrated Abu Dhar Al-Ghifar:

We were with the Prophet on a journey and the Mu’adhdhin (call maker for the prayer) wanted to pronounce the Adhan (call) for the Zuhr prayer. The Prophet said, ‘Let it become cooler.” He again (after a while) wanted to pronounce the Adhan but the Prophet said to him, “Let it become cooler till we see the shadows of hillocks.” The Prophet added, “The severity of heat is from the raging of the Hell-fire, and in very hot weather pray (Zuhr) when it becomes cooler.”

While traveling, one may delay their zuhr prayer as well, as seen from the Prophet (SAW)’s sunnah.

Wassalam.

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