Blog Archives

Returning Gifts (Hadith No. 2256)

Bismillah.

Hadith no 2255 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 757:
Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama and Marwan (radiallaahu `anhumaa):
When the delegates of the tribe of Hawazin came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) he stood up amongst the people, Glorified and Praised Allah as He deserved, and said, “Then after: Your brethren have come to you with repentance and I see it logical to return to them their captives; so whoever amongst you likes to do that as a favor, then he can do it, and whoever of you like to stick to his share till we give him his right from the very first Fai (war booty) which Allah will bestow on us, then (he can do so).” The people replied, “We do that (to return the captives) willingly as a favor for your sake.”

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 47, Number 758:
Narrated ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
Allah’s Apostles (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to accept gifts and used to give something in return.

So now you know the title doesn’t mean returning gifts, but rather giving gifts in return. Returning someone’s gift back to them would be very rude, of course.

Exchanging gifts increases love between people, so why not do it often? :)

Advertisements

Riba al-Fadl (Hadith No. 1900)

Bismillah.

Hadith no. 1899 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 404 :
Narrated by ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) bought some foodstuff from a Jew on credit and mortgaged his armor to him.

Today’s Hadith:

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 405 :
Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri and Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhumaa)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) appointed somebody as a governor of Khaibar. That governor brought to him an excellent kind of dates (from Khaibar). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) asked, “Are all the dates of Khaibar like this?” He replied, “By Allah, no, O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! But we barter one Sa of this (type of dates) for two Sas of dates of ours and two Sas of it for three of ours.” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Do not do so (as that is a kind of usury) but sell the mixed dates (of inferior quality) for money, and then buy good dates with that money.”

Riba al-Fadl: The riba of exchange surplus. Any commodity-for-commodity exchange transaction (i. e. barter) in which the exchanged commodities are of the same type but of unequal measure, or the delivery of one commodity is postponed.

We’ve already learnt about it in Exchanging Goods, now we know the term for it.

Go through this link for a detailed description and analysis of Riba al-Fadl.

Muzaabanah (Ahadith 1875 – 1876)

Bismillah.

Ahadith 1859 & 1860 (below) are repeats. Read the post here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 364 :
Narrated by ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) came to me and I told him about the slave-girl (Buraira) Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Buy and manumit her, for the Wala is for the one who manumits.” In the evening the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) got up and glorified Allah as He deserved and then said, “Why do some people impose conditions which are not present in Allah’s Book (Laws)? Whoever imposes such a condition as is not in Allah’s Laws, then that condition is invalid even if he imposes one hundred conditions, for Allah’s conditions are more binding and reliable.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 365 :
Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) wanted to buy Buraira and he (the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)) went out for the prayer. When he returned, she told him that they (her masters) refused to sell her except on the condition that her Wala’ would go to them. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, ‘The Wala’ would go to him who manumits.’ ” Hammam asked Nafi’ whether her (Buraira’s) husband was a free man or a slave. He replied that he did not know.

Hadith no. 1861 (below) is also a repeat. Read it here.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 366 :
Narrated by Jarir (radiallaahu `anhu)
I have given a pledge of allegiance to Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) for: to testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and Muhammad is His Apostle, to offer prayers perfectly, to pay Zakat, to listen to and obey (Allah’s and His Prophet’s orders), and to give good advice to every Muslim.

Ahadith 1862 – 1874 (below) are also repeats.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 367 :
Narrated by Tawus
Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, ‘Do not go to meet the caravans on the way (for buying their goods without letting them know the market price); a town dweller should not sell the goods of a desert dweller on behalf of the latter.’ I asked Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu), ‘What does he mean by not selling the goods of a desert dweller by a town dweller?’ He said, ‘He should not become his broker.’ “

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 368 :
Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the selling of the goods of a desert dweller by a town person.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 369 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “A buyer should not urge a seller to restore a purchase so as to buy it himself, and do not practice Najsh; and a town dweller should not sell goods of a desert dweller.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 370 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
We were forbidden that a town dweller should sell goods of a desert dweller.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 371 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade the meeting (of caravans) on the way and the selling of goods by an inhabitant of the town on behalf of a desert dweller.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 372 :
Narrated by Tawus
I asked Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu), “What is the meaning of, ‘No town dweller should sell (or buy) for a desert dweller’?” Ibn ‘Abbas said, “It means he should not become his broker.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 373 :
Narrated by Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
Whoever buys an animal which has been kept unmilked for a long time, could return it, but has to pay a Sa of dates along with it. And the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade meeting the owners of goods on the way away from the market.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 374 :
Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “You should not try to cancel the purchases of one another (to get a benefit thereof), and do not go ahead to meet the caravan (for buying the goods) (but wait) till it reaches the market.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 375 :
Narrated by ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
We used to go ahead to meet the caravan and used to buy foodstuff from them. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade us to sell it till it was carried to the market.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 376 :
Narrated by ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
Some people used to buy foodstuff at the head of the market and used to sell it on the spot. Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade them to sell it till they brought it to (their) places.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 377 :
Narrated by ‘Urwa
Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “Buraira came to me and said, ‘I have agreed with my masters to pay them nine Uqiyas (of gold) (in installments) one Uqiya per year; please help me.’ I said, ‘I am ready to pay the whole amount now provided your masters agree that your Wala will be for me.’ So, Buraira went to her masters and told them about that offer but they refused to accept it. She returned, and at that time, Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was sitting (present). Buraira said, ‘I told them of the offer but they did not accept it and insisted on having the Wala.’.’ The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) heard that.” ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) narrated the whole story to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). He said to her, “Buy her and stipulate that her Wala’ would be yours as the Wala’ is for the manumitted.” ‘Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) did so. Then Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) stood up in front of the people, and after glorifying Allah he said, “Amma Badu (i.e. then after)! What about the people who impose conditions which are not in Allah’s Book (Laws)? Any condition that is not in Allah’s Book (Laws) is invalid even if they were one hundred conditions, for Allah’s decisions are the right ones and His conditions are the strong ones (firmer) and the Wala’ will be for the manumitted.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 378 :
Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Aisha, (mother of the faithful believers) wanted to buy a slave girl and manumit her, but her masters said that they would sell her only on the condition that her Wala’ would be for them. ‘Aisha told Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) of that. He said, “What they stipulate should not hinder you from buying her, as the Wala’ is for the manumitted.”

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 379 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The selling of wheat for wheat is Riba (usury) except if it is handed from hand to hand and equal in amount. Similarly the selling of barley for barley, is Riba except if it is from hand to hand and equal in amount, and dates for dates is usury except if it is from hand to hand and equal in amount.

Muzaabanah:

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 380 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade Muzabana; and Muzabana is the selling of fresh dates for dried old dates by measure, and the selling of fresh grapes for dried grapes by measure.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 381 :
Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu)
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) forbade Muzabana; and Muzabana is the selling of fresh fruit (without measuring it) for something by measure on the basis that if that thing turns out to be more than the fruit, the increase would be for the seller of the fruit, and if it turns to be less, that would be of his lot. Narrated Ibn ‘Umar from Zaid bin Thabit that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) allowed the selling of the fruits on the trees after estimation (when they are ripe).

The basic principle is to not sell something unmeasured/uncounted/not-weighed for something measured/counted/weighed. Because this is unfair and unjust. One party enjoys profit and the other suffers from loss in any case.

Also, exchange of goods must always take place when they’re of the same kind and equal in quantity. Fresh fruit fro dried fruit is not permissible. We learnt this back in Exchanging Goods.

Exchanging Goods (Ahadith 1797 – 1798)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 302:

Narrated ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu):

I got an old she-camel as my share from the booty, and the Prophet had given me another from Al-Khumus. And when I intended to marry Fatima (radiallaahu `anhaa) (daughter of the Prophet), I arranged that a goldsmith from the tribe of Bani Qainuqa’ would accompany me in order to bring Idhkhir and then sell it to the goldsmiths and use its price for my marriage banquet.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 303:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):

Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Allah made Mecca a sanctuary and it was neither permitted for anyone before, nor will it be permitted for anyone after me (to fight in it). And fighting in it was made legal for me for a few hours of a day only. None is allowed to uproot its thorny shrubs or to cut down its trees or to chase its game or to pick up its Luqata (fallen things) except by a person who would announce it publicly.” ‘Abbas bin ‘Abdul-Muttlib (radiallaahu `anhu) requested the Prophet, “Except Al-Idhkhir, for our goldsmiths and for the roofs of our houses.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “Except Al-Idhkhir.” ‘Ikrima said, “Do you know what is meant by chasing its game? It is to drive it out of the shade and sit in its place.” Khalid said, “(‘Abbas said: Al-Idhkhir) for our goldsmiths and our graves.”

We learnt previously that we have to be careful while exchanging goods; one: they have to be of the same kind, two: they have to be of the same amount. For example, good dates for good dates and not bad dates for good dates.
If a person has to exchange one kind of goods with another, the right way to go about it is to sell those goods, and buy the desired goods with the money acquired. And that’s what’s being reiterated here (in the two narrations above). During that time in Arabia, people used to exchange Idhkhir (a kind of grass) with gold. What Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) did for his walima was that he sold whatever Idhkhir he collected to the goldsmiths and used the dirhams/dinars for the banquet preparations.

Exchanging Goods: The Golden Rule (Hadith No. 1789)

Bismillah.

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 294:

Narrated Abu Said (radiallaahu `anhu):

We used to be given mixed dates (from the booty) and used to sell (barter) two Sas of those dates) for one Sa (of good dates). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said (to us), “No (bartering of) two Sas for one Sa nor two Dirhams for one Dirham is permissible”, (as that is a kind of usury).

Bilaal (may Allaah be pleased with him) brought some good dates to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and he said to him: “Where did these come from?” Bilaal said: “We had some bad dates and I paid two saa’s of them for a saa’ so that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) might have some of it.” The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Oh! Do not do that, (it is) the essence of riba, the essence of riba.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3212.

The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stated that giving more when equal amounts should be exchanged because of the difference in quality is the essence of riba, and it is not permissible to do that. But the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), as was his wont, pointed out the permissible way. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told him to sell the bad dates for money (dirhams) and then buy the good dates with the money.

genuine treats

homemade goodies for any occasion.

Beauty Frenzy

skincare and makeup blog

Raising Muslims

What job can be more rewarding than raising a child upon the kalimah of "La ilaha illa Allah"?

Always Learning Resources

Sharing for the sake of Allah (swt)

Islamic Lapbooking

Your one stop for Islamic lapbooking resources

Days of Our Lives 2

...a continuation of Days of Our Lives, a Muslim family's homeschooling journal.

Days of Our Lives

Through Thick and Thin...

Talibiddeen Jr. Companion Blog

Companion Blog to Talibiddeen Jr. - Tips and Tidbits for homeschooling, home, and Islamic life!

Umm Abdul Basir's

Sharing Our Homeschool Adventure!

Muslim Learning Garden

Planting Seeds of Jaariyah

Happy Land

For Islamic Teachings

thegentlemuslimman

Becoming A Muslim Gentleman.

The Humble "I"

Knowing, Doing, Becoming

Iqbalencia

Sharing words with the globe

The Ottawa Cafe Hopper

Your guide to Ottawa's cafe universe.

shaziarif.wordpress.com/

CHECK OUT WWW.SHAZIAARIF.COM

Dumpling Sisters

Chinese-Kiwi sisters bonding through food

gLiMpSes

Through the eyes of a Muslimah

%d bloggers like this: