The Forty Virtuous Deeds (Hadith No. 2298)
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 800:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (radiallaahu `anhu):
That Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “There are forty virtuous deeds and the best of them is the Maniha of a she-goat, and anyone who does one of these virtuous deeds hoping for Allah’s reward with firm confidence that he will get it, then Allah will make him enter Paradise because of it.
Hassan (a sub-narrator) said, “We tried to count those good deeds below the Maniha; we mentioned replying to the sneezer, removing harmful things from the road, etc., but we failed to count even fifteen.”
Okay so here’s a thought. Why don’t we try and compile these forty deeds? Condition: they have to be less virtuous than Maniha, as it says in the hadith above: “and the best of them is the Maniha”.
I have here a list of some that I could find. See if you can add to it. :)
1: (Can’t find the translated version)..
2: Feeding the Hungry
3: Quenching Someone’s Thirst
عن البراء بن عازب رضي الله عنه قال جاء رجل أعرابي إلى رسول الله فقال يا رسول الله ؛ علمني عملاً يدخلني الجنة ويباعدني عن النار، فقال
«إن كنت أقصرت الخطبة لقد أعرضت المسألة، أعتق النسمة، وفك الرقبة، قال أليستا واحدة ؟ قال لا ؛ عتق النسمة أن تنفرد بعتقها، وفك الرقبة أن تعطي في ثمنها أي تُساهم ، والمنيحة الوكوف يعني الشاة غزيرة اللبن يمنحونها لفقراء يشربون لبنها ، والفيء على ذي الرحم القاطع، يعني العطاء والصلة والبذل للقريب ولو كان قاطعًا للرحم ، فإن لم تطق ذلك فأطعم الجائع واسق الظمآن، وأمر بالمعروف وانه عن المنكر، فإن لم تطق ذلك فكف لسانك إلا عن خير رواه أحمد وابن حبان واللفظ له، حديث صحيح
4: Saying Salam
“He who says Assalaamu Alaikum (Peace be upon you) ten rewards are written down for him, and he who says Assalaamu Alaikum wa rahmatullah (Peace be upon you and Allah’s mercy) for him twenty rewards are written down and he who says Assalaamu Alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh (Peace be upon you and Allah’s mercy and blessing) thirty rewards are written down (for him).”
5: Justice between Two People
6: Helping Someone with their Ride
7: A Good Word
8: Removing Harm from the Way
“Every small bone of everyone has upon it a charitable act for everyday upon which the sun rises. Bringing about justice between two is an act of charity. Helping a man get on his mount, lifting him onto it or helping him put his belongings onto it, is a charitable act. A good word is a charitable act. Every step you take toward the prayer is a charitable act. And removing a harmful thing from the path is a charitable act.” (Recorded in al-Bukhari and Muslim)
9: Relieving Someone from Difficulty
10: Concealing Someone’s Fault
”Whoever relieves a believer’s distress of the distressful aspects of this world, Allah will rescue him from a difficulty of the difficulties of the Hereafter… Whoever conceals [the faults of] a Muslims, Allah will conceal [his faults] in this life and the Hereafter. [Muslim]
11: Making Space
“O you who have believed, when you are told, “Space yourselves” in assemblies, then make space; Allah will make space for you.” [Al-Mujadilah: 11]
12: Helping the Oppressed, Stopping the Oppressor
“Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or he is an oppressed one.” [Bukhari]
13: Guiding to Good
“Whoever leads to good, he is like the one who does it.” [Tirmidhi]
14: Enjoining Good
15: Conciliation between Two People
“No good is there in much of their private conversation, except for those who enjoin charity or that which is right or conciliation between people.” [4:114]
16: Kind Speech
“Kind speech and forgiveness are better than charity followed by injury.” [2:263]
17: Planting a Tree
If a Muslim plants a tree, or sows a field and men and beasts and birds eat from it, all of it is charity from him. [Muslim]
18: Giving Gifts to Neighbors
“O Muslim women, never belittle any gift you give your neighbor even if it is a hoof of a sheep.”
19: Intercession for “Good”
“Whoever intercedes for a good cause will have a reward therefrom.” [4:85]
20: Visiting the Sick
If a man visits his sick Muslim brother, it is as if he walks reaping the fruits of Paradise until he sits, and when he sits he is showered in mercy, and if this was in the morning, seventy thousand angels pray for him until the evening, and if this was in the evening, seventy thousand angels pray for him until the morning. [Tirmidhi]
21: Defending Your Muslim Brother
“Whoever defends the honor of his brother in absence has the right over Allah to be freed from the Fire.” [Ahmad]
22: Shaking Hands
“There are no two Muslims who meet and shake hands with one another, but they will be forgiven before they part.” [Abu Dawud]
23: Loving Someone for Allah’s Sake
“There are three qualities whoever has them, will taste the sweetness of Iman: To love Allah and His Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) more than anyone else; to love a slave (of Allah) only for (the sake of) Allah; and to abhor returning to infidelity after Allah has saved him from it as he would abhor to be thrown into the fire (of Hell)” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
24: Replying to the Sneezer
“When one of you sneezes, let him say, ‘Al-hamdu-Lillaah (Praise be to Allaah),’ and let his brother or companion say to him. ‘Yarhamuk Allaah (May Allaah have mercy on you).’ If he says, ‘Yarhamuk-Allaah,’ then let (the sneezer) say, ‘Yahdeekum Allaah wa yuslihu baalakum (May Allaah guide you and rectify your condition).’”
“Your smile to your brother is a sadaqah (charitable act) for you.” [Tirmidhi]
26: Giving Good Advice
When I gave the pledge of allegiance to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and he stipulated that I should give good advice to every Muslim. [Bukhari]
27: Spending on Wife
“You will be rewarded for whatever you spend for Allah’s sake even if it were a morsel which you put in your wife’s mouth.” [Bukhari]
Major Sins and Imaan (Hadith No. 2152)
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 655:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “When an adulterer commits illegal sexual intercourse, then he is not a believer at the time he is doing it, and when a drinker of an alcoholic liquor drinks it, then he is not a believer at the time of drinking it, and when a thief steals, then he is not a believer at the time of stealing, and when a robber robs, and the people look at him, then he is not a believer at the time of doing robbery.
A believer who indulges in a major sin cannot possibly have the fear/consciousness of Allah while he’s committing the sin. Iman increases and decreases, and sometimes it just goes too low.
Only sincere repentance can wipe out these sins from our slate, nothing else.
Al-Tirmidhi narrated that Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: “Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, said: ‘O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you and I would not mind.’” [Saheeh al-Tirmidhi]
The Bare Minimum (Ahadith 1177 – 1182)
Volume 2, Book 23, Number 478:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
Thy Prophet sent Muadh to Yemen and said, “Invite the people to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and I am Allah’s Apostle, and if they obey you to do so, then teach them that Allah has enjoined on them five prayers in every day and night (in twenty-four hours), and if they obey you to do so, then teach them that Allah has made it obligatory for them to pay the Zakat from their property and it is to be taken from the wealthy among them and given to the poor.”
Volume 2, Book 23, Number 479:
Narrated Abu Aiyub:
A man said to the Prophet “Tell me of such a deed as will make me enter Paradise.” The people said, “What is the matter with him? What is the matter with him?” The Prophet said, “He has something to ask. (What he needs greatly) The Prophet said: (In order to enter Paradise) you should worship Allah and do not ascribe any partners to Him, offer prayer perfectly, pay the Zakat and keep good relations with your Kith and kin.” (See Hadith No. 12, Vol 8).
Volume 2, Book 23, Number 480:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
A Bedouin came to the Prophet and said, “Tell me of such a deed as will make me enter Paradise, if I do it.” The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, “Worship Allah, and worship none along with Him, offer the (five) prescribed compulsory prayers perfectly, pay the compulsory Zakat, and fast the month of Ramadan.” The Bedouin said, “By Him, in Whose Hands my life is, I will not do more than this.” When he (the Bedouin) left, the Prophet said, “Whoever likes to see a man of Paradise, then he may look at this man.”
Volume 2, Book 23, Number 481:
Narrated Abu Zur’a:
from the Prophet the same as above.
Volume 2, Book 23, Number 482:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
A delegation of the tribe of ‘Abdul Qais came to the Prophet and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! We are from the tribe of Rabi’a, and the infidels of the tribe of Mudar stands between us and you; so we cannot come to you except during the Sacred Months. Please order us to do something (religious deeds) which we may carry out and also invite to it our people whom we have left behind.” The Prophet said, “I order you to do four things and forbid you four others: (I order you) to have faith in Allah, and confess that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, (and the Prophet gestured with his hand like this (i.e. one knot) and to offer prayers perfectly and to pay the Zakat, and to pay one-fifth of the booty in Allah’s Cause. And I forbid you to use Dubba’, Hantam, Naqir and Muzaffat (all these are the names of utensils used for preparing alcoholic drinks).”
Already discussed here.
Volume 2, Book 23, Number 483:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
When Allah’s Apostle died and Abu Bakr became the caliph some Arabs renegade (reverted to disbelief) (Abu Bakr decided to declare war against them), ‘Umar, said to Abu Bakr, “How can you fight with these people although Allah’s Apostle said, ‘I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight the people till they say: “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and whoever said it then he will save his life and property from me except on trespassing the law (rights and conditions for which he will be punished justly), and his accounts will be with Allah.’ ” Abu Bakr said, “By Allah! I will fight those who differentiate between the prayer and the Zakat as Zakat is the compulsory right to be taken from the property (according to Allah’s orders) By Allah! If they refuse to pay me even a she-kid which they used to pay at the time of Allah’s Apostle . I would fight with them for withholding it” Then ‘Umar said, “By Allah, it was nothing, but Allah opened Abu Bakr’s chest towards the decision (to fight) and I came to know that his decision was right.”
Here’s what I think.. The five pillars of Islam [testimony of faith, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage] are the most essential parts of the Deen. YET, a person fulfilling all these duties is doing only the bare minimum, only that which will be sufficient to help him enter Paradise (if Allah wills). So there’s a lot more to our Deen. Keep exploring it!
Kitaab-ul-Janaa’iz [Book of Funerals] ends here. Alhamdulillah.
Don’t Judge (Hadith No. 417)
Narrated ‘Itban bin Malik:
who was one of the companions of Allah’s Apostle and one of the Ansar’s who took part in the battle of Badr: I came to Allah’s Apostle and said, “O Allah’s Apostle I have weak eyesight and I lead my people in prayers. When it rains the water flows in the valley between me and my people so I cannot go to their mosque to lead them in prayer. O Allah’s Apostle! I wish you would come to my house and pray in it so that I could take that place as a Musalla. Allah’s Apostle said. “Allah willing, I will do so.” Next day after the sun rose high, Allah’s Apostle and Abu Bakr came and Allah’s Apostle asked for permission to enter. I gave him permission and he did not sit on entering the house but said to me, “Where do you like me to pray?” I pointed to a place in my house. So Allah’s Apostle stood there and said, ‘Allahu Akbar’, and we all got up and aligned behind him and offered a two-Rak’at prayer and ended it with Taslim. We requested him to stay for a meal called “Khazira” which we had prepared for him. Many members of our family gathered in the house and one of them said, “Where is Malik bin Al-Dukhaishin or Ibn Al-Dukhshun?” One of them replied, “He is a hypocrite and does not love Allah and His Apostle.” Hearing that, Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not say so. Haven’t you seen that he said, ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah’ for Allah’s sake only?” He said, “Allah and His Apostle know better. We have seen him helping and advising hypocrites.”
Allah’s Apostle said, “Allah has forbidden the (Hell) fire for those who say, ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah’ for Allah’s sake only.”
Whoever declares ‘la ilaha illa Allah‘, is officially a Muslim. He/she will be treated as a Muslim. You have no right to judge them and make assumptions about their belief or disbelief. You can’t say that a certain person will definitely go to Hell. Similarly, saying a certain person will definitely go to Jannah is also not right. Allah is the Judge. Not you.
Your Last Words Every Night (Hadith No. 247)
This is the last Hadith from Kitaab-ul-Wudu. I hope we’re all clear about ablution and the problems related to it. Tomorrow, we’ll begin Kitaab-ul-Ghusl inshaAllah. :)
So, what do you say before going to sleep?
اللَّهُمَّ بِاسْمِكَ أَمُوتُ وَأَحْيَا
There is a dua, which if you make it your last speech before going to sleep and you die that night, you’ll die on faith.
Narrated Al-Bara ‘bin ‘Azib:
The Prophet said to me, “Whenever you go to bed perform ablution like that for the prayer, lie on your right side and say, “Allahumma aslamtu wajhi ilaika, wa fauwadtu amri ilaika, wa alja’tu Zahri ilaika raghbatan wa rahbatan ilaika. La Malja’ wa la manja minka illa ilaika. Allahumma amantu bikitabika-l-ladhi anzalta wa bina-biyika-l ladhi arsalta” (O Allah! I surrender to You and entrust all my affairs to You and depend upon You for Your Blessings both with hope and fear of You. There is no fleeing from You, and there is no place of protection and safety except with You O Allah! I believe in Your Book (the Qur’an) which You have revealed and in Your Prophet (Muhammad) whom You have sent). Then if you die on that very night, you will die with faith (i.e. or the religion of Islam). Let the aforesaid words be your last utterance (before sleep).” I repeated it before the Prophet and when I reached “Allahumma amantu bikitabika-l-ladhi anzalta (O Allah I believe in Your Book which You have revealed).” I said, “Wa-rasulika (and your Apostle).” The Prophet said, “No, (but say): ‘Wanabiyika-l-ladhi arsalta (Your Prophet whom You have sent), instead.”
The Arabic of it:
اللَّهُمَّ أَسْلَمْتُ وجْهي إِلَيْكَ، وَفَوَّضْتُ أَمْرِي إِلَيْكَ، وَأَلْجَأْتُ ظَهْرِي إِلَيْكَ، رَغْبةً ورَهْبَةً إِلَيْكَ، لاَ مَلْجَأَ وَلاَ مَنْجَا مِنْكَ إِلاَّ إِلَيْكَ، آمَنْتُ بِكِتَابِكَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلْتَ، وَبِنَبِيِّكَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلْتَ
Make sure to memorize/say it as it is. You cannot change the words. This Hadith also shows the importance of that.