Alcohol for Breakfast, Martyrdom for Dinner (Hadith No. 2463)
Hadith no. 2462 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.
Volume 4, Book 52, Number 69 :
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu)
For thirty days Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) invoked Allah to curse those who had killed the companions of Bir-Mauna; he invoked evil upon the tribes of Ral, Dhakwan, and Usaiya who disobeyed Allah and His Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). There was reveled about those who were killed at Bir-Mauna a Quranic Verse we used to recite, but it was cancelled later on. The Verse was: “Inform our people that we have met our Lord. He is pleased with us and He has made us pleased”.
Volume 4, Book 52, Number 70 :
Narrated by Jabir bin Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu)
“Some people drank alcohol in the morning of the day (of the battle) of Uhud and were martyred (on the same day).” Sufyan was asked, “(Were they martyred) in the last part of the day?)” He replied, “Such information does not occur in the narration.”
The questioner means to ask about the fate of those martyrs considering they drank alcohol in the morning. The prohibition wasn’t established at that time so alcohol wasn’t haram for them. Ibn Kathir mentions a narration in the commentary of verses 90-91 of Surah Al-Maa’idah:
﴿يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالاٌّنصَابُ وَالاٌّزْلاَمُ رِجْسٌ مِّنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَـنِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ ﴾
(O you who believe! Khamr, Maysir, Ansab, and Azlam are an abomination of Shaytan’s handiwork. So avoid that in order that you may be successful.)﴿5:90-91﴾ So they said, `We abstained, O Lord!’ Later, some people said, `O Allah’s Messenger! Some people died in the cause of Allah, while some others died in their beds, but they used to drink alcohol and indulge in gambling, which Allah has made a Rijs of the work of Shaytan.’ So Allah sent down,
﴿لَيْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَـتِ جُنَاحٌ فِيمَا طَعِمُواْ﴾
(Those who believe and do righteous good deeds, there is no sin on them for what they ate…) ﴿5:93﴾, until the end of the Ayah. The Prophet said,
«لَوْ حُرِّمَ عَلَيْهِمْ لَتَرَكُوهُ كَمَا تَرَكْتُم»
(Had they been made impermissible for them, they would have abandoned them as you have abandoned them.) Ahmad recorded this Hadith.
Gifts from Non-Muslims (Hadith No. 2301)
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 803 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu)
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The Prophet Abraham migrated with Sarah. The people (of the town where they migrated) gave her Ajar (i.e. Hajar). Sarah returned and said to Abraham, “Do you know that Allah has humiliated that pagan and he has given a slave-girl for my service?”
This is from the story of Sarah (Ibraheem’s wife) and the king of Egypt when he tried to have his way with her. The point of this narration in the Book of Gifts is that it shows that slaves can be gifted to others.. and to that one can accept gifts from non-Muslims too, provided they’re not unlawful in themselves e.g. alcohol.
Read more on it here.
The Gift of Silk (Ahadith 2280 – 2283)
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 782:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
Umar bin Al-Khattab (radiallaahu `anhu) saw a silken dress (cloak) being sold at the gate of the Mosque and said, “O Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! Would that you buy it and wear it on Fridays and when the delegates come to you!” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “This is worn by the one who will have no share in the Hereafter.” Later on some silk dresses were brought and Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) sent one of them to ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu). ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) said, “How do you give me this to wear while you said what you said about the dress of ‘Utarid?” Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “I have not given it to you to wear.” So, ‘Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) gave it to a pagan brother of his in Mecca.
This hadeeth indicates that it is permissible to deal in clothes that we are permitted to use in one way but not in another, and it is permissible to give them as gifts and donations, but the one to whom it is given or donated has to use it the manner which is permitted, not in the manner that is forbidden. For example:
Gold jewellery, weapons, knives, grapes, etc, which can be used in permissible ways or in haraam ways. It is permissible to deal in them and to give them as donations and gifts, so long as the one who buys them or is given them will use them in permissible ways, such as selling them, giving them, etc, and he will not make use of them in haraam ways.
But if the thing is something which it is haraam to use in any way and under any circumstances, then it is not permissible to deal in it or to give it as a gift, such as pigs, lions and wolves. There is nothing in the hadeeth to indicate that it is permissible to sell the things mentioned, so it is not correct to draw an analogy between selling cigarettes, tobacco, and men’s and women’s bathing suits, and selling things that may be used in some ways but not others or in some situations and not others, because it is haraam to use these things in all cases.
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 783:
Narrated Ibn Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
Once the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) went to the house of Fatima (radiallaahu `anhaa) but did not enter it. ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) came and she told him about that. When ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) about it, he said, “I saw a (multi-colored) decorated curtain on her door. I am not interested in worldly things.” ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) went to Fatima (radiallaahu `anhaa) and told her about it. Fatima (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, “I am ready to dispense with it in the way he suggests.” The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered her to send it to such-and-such needy people.”
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 784:
Narrated ‘Ali (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) gave me a silken dress as a gift and I wore it. When I saw the signs of anger on his face, I cut it into pieces and distributed it among my wives.”
Volume 3, Book 47, Number 785:
Narrated Anas (radiallaahu `anhu):
A Jubba (i.e. cloak) made of thick silken cloth was presented to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam). The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) used to forbid people to wear silk. So, the people were pleased to see it. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “By Him in Whose Hands Muhammad’s soul is, the handkerchiefs of Sad bin Mu’adh (radiallaahu `anhu) in Paradise are better than this.” Anas added, “The present was sent to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) by Ukaidir (a Christian) from Dauma.”
Other benefits from these narrations:
- Silk is prohibited for men – wearing it, sitting on it etc.
- Women may use silk for wearing, beddings etc.
- Silk makes a great gift – as long as you know it won’t be used for haraam, e.g. a man won’t wear it.
- Selling silk is allowed.
- Gifts can be accepted from non-Muslims as long as they’re not “haraam”.
Idols and Statues (Hadith No. 2155)
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 658:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Masud (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) entered Mecca and (at that time) there were three hundred-and-sixty idols around the Ka’ba. He started stabbing the idols with a stick he had in his hand and reciting: “Truth (Islam) has come and Falsehood (disbelief) has vanished.”
This incident and some others prove that idols/statues are prohibited in Islam, and must be destroyed. Even if it means not “preserving human civilization”, yes. If this is about idols someone else made, what do you think the ruling would be for making idols/statues in the name of art yourself?
The evidence of sharee’ah indicates that it is obligatory to destroy idols, for example:
1 – Muslim (969) narrated that Abu’l-Hayaaj al-Asadi said: ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib said to me: “Shall I not send you with the same instructions as the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sent me? ‘Do not leave any image without defacing it or any built-up grave without leveling it.’”
2 – Muslim (832) narrated from ‘Urwah ibn ‘Abasah that he said to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “With what were you sent?” He said, “I was sent to uphold the ties of kinship, to break the idols, and so that Allaah would be worshipped alone with no partner or associate.”
The obligation to destroy them is even stronger if they are worshipped instead of Allaah.
3 – al-Bukhaari (3020) and Muslim (2476) narrated that Jareer ibn ‘Abd-Allaah al-Bajali said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to me: “O Jareer, will you not relieve me of Dhu’l-Khalsah?” That was a house (in Yemen) belonging to the (tribe of) Khath’am, which was called Ka’bat al-Yamaaniyyah. I set out with one hundred and fifty horsemen. I used not to sit firm on horses and I mentioned that to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). He struck me on my chest with his hand and said, ‘O Allaah! Make him firm and make him one who guides others and is guided on the right path.’ ” So Jareer went and burned it with fire, then Jareer sent a man called Abu Artaat to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). He said, “I did not come to you until we had left it like a scabby camel.” Then the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) blessed the horses of (the tribe of) Ahmas and their men five times.
Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said:
This hadeeth indicates that it is prescribed to remove things that may tempt or confuse the people, whether they are buildings, people, animals or inanimate objects.
4 – The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sent Khaalid ibn al-Waleed (may Allaah be pleased with him) on a campaign to destroy al-‘Uzza.
5 – and he sent Sa’d ibn Zayd al-Ashhali (may Allaah be pleased with him) on a campaign to destroy Manaat.
6 – And he sent ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (may Allaah be pleased with him) on a campaign to destroy Suwaa’. All of that happened after the Conquest of Makkah.
Al-Bidaayah wa’l-Nihaayah, 4/712. 776. 5/83; al-Seerah al-Nabawiyyah by Dr. ‘Ali al-Salaabi, 2/1186.
Al-Nawawi said in Sharh Muslim when discussing the issue of image-making:
They were unanimously agreed that whatever casts a shadow is not allowed and must be changed.
Images that cast a shadow are three-dimensional images like these statues.
Read more here.
Donkey Meat (Hadith No. 2154)
Hadith no. 2153 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 656:
Narrated Abu Huraira (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, “The Hour will not be established until the son of Mary (i.e. Jesus) descends amongst you as a just ruler, he will break the cross, kill the pigs, and abolish the Jizya tax. Money will be in abundance so that nobody will accept it (as charitable gifts).
Volume 3, Book 43, Number 657:
Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa (radiallaahu `anhu):
On the day of Khaibar the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saw fires being lighted. He asked, “Why are these fires being lighted?” The people replied that they were cooking the meat of donkeys. He said, “Break the pots and throw away their contents.” The people said, “Shall we throw away their contents and wash the pots (rather than break them)?” He said, “Wash them.”
Al-Bukhaari (5527) and Muslim (1936) narrated that Abu Tha’labah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade the meat of domesticated donkeys.
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Most of the scholars believe that the meat of domesticated donkeys is haraam. Ahmad said: Fifteen of the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) regarded it as makrooh (in the sense of being haraam). Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr said: There is no difference of opinion among the Muslims scholars today concerning the fact that it is haraam. End quote from al-Mughni (9/324).
Did you know? It is permissible to eat the meat of onagers (“wild donkeys”) and it is haraam to eat the meat of domesticated donkeys. The first is permitted because of the report narrated by al-Bukhaari (5492) and Muslim (1196) from Abu Qataadah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who hunted an onager and brought a piece of it to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and he ate some of it, and he said to his companions: “It is halaal, eat it.”
With regard to domesticated donkeys, their meat was permitted at first, then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) declared it to be haraam on the day of Khaybar.